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Draft of a “Peoples’ Covenant for Better World Governance”

We, seek the Peoples of the World, salve

Determined to make full use of the democratic principle that sovereignty derives   from the peoples, cheap

Referring to the United Nations Charter, the paramount international legal  instrument, adopted in San Francisco, United States of America, on June 25th,   1945, which has since been accepted by almost all states,

Noting that the ideas   and goals enshrined in the Charter are far from having been achieved,

Noting in   particular :

– That mankind has not yet been saved from the scourge   of war,

– That the States haven’t been able to maintain   consistent peace and international security,

– That the dignity and worth of human beings and the   principle of equal rights of men and women and of large and small nations are   still being violated,

– That the conditions to guarantee justice and respect   for obligations arising from international law have not yet be fully   established,

–  That the speed in promoting social progress and   better standards of life in freedom should be accelerated, and that inequalities   between individuals and between nations are becoming worse by the prevailing   economic laissez-faire,

– That the environmental situation is steadily   deteriorating and that we are losing biodiversity,

Convinced that basic democratic principles mentioned above give every people the   possibility to guide the action of their state and their government,

We adopt following provisions and principles in form of the “General Peoples’ Covenant for Better World Governance”, in the firm and sovereign intention that all states and governments should comply therewith in all respects and   at all times.

We expect that this Covenant, once adopted under the specific procedures herein set   forth, shall be given binding force at the highest international and national   levels, and that all appropriate necessary measures shall be promptly   implanted by all public authorities concerned.

I – Sovereignty

1. Sovereignty derives from the people, and the   peoples can exercise it directly or through their representatives in   accordance with their respective constitutions and international law.

2. No people can be forced to renounce its sovereignty.

3. Each State, as the institutional embodiment of its   people, is deemed to be sovereign in relation to other states. State   sovereignty shall be exercised in conformity with international law and   international agreements ratified in accordance with the constitution.

4. Sovereignty extends, in particular, to those   aspects related to the social, cultural and economic identity of each nation.

II – Essential values

5. We endorse the six following   fundamental values deemed to be essential to international relations in the   twenty-first century, proclaimed on 8 September 2000 by the United Nations   General Assembly in the United Nations Millennium Declaration. Those values   are: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect to nature and shared   responsibility.

III – Peace, the essential common good of each peuple

6. Peace is our essential goal. It is the main duty of our states and governments to maintain and to protect this common good.

7. We hereby remind our states and   governments that they are bound to resolve disputes in accordance with   international law, in particular Article 51 of the Charter of the United   Nations, which prohibits the use of armed force except in the case of   self-defense, individual or collective, when confronted with an armed attack,   or in order to implement the decisions of the Security Council aiming to   restore international peace and security.

8. The illegitimate use of armed force shall be   treated as a violation of national and international law.

9. Except in self defense or in response to a   request of the Security Council approved by the UN General Assembly by a   majority of its members, the sending and maintaining of military personnel   and equipment abroad require the approval of the recipient country.

10. We urge our states and governments to negotiate in good faith in order to achieve   controlled disarmament, starting with nuclear arms and other weapons of mass   destruction.

11. We note in this   connection that the United Nations Security Council, as currently comprised,   is not really representative of the community of peoples.

12. Accordingly, we ask that any Council   decision ordering or authorizing the use of force be immediately submitted   for approval to the UN General Assembly.

13. Generally, we request all states and governments to consider the means of reforming the United   Nations Charter so that all intergovernmental bodies of the Organization,   including the Security Council and the Council of Human Rights – become more efficient   in representing the community of nations.

IV – Fundamental rights

14. We endorse the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed by the General   Assembly of the United Nations on December 10th,1948.

V – The economy and money

15. The international community, as well as states   and governments, must assume that economy and money are exclusive to serve   society – not the contrary.

16. We are aware that a number of economic agents, mostly those in charge of handling   money and monetary instruments, ruthlessly exploit their de facto power and   the alleged “law of the market” to obtain benefits out of proportion with the   services rendered, and unduly influence government operations.

17. We affirm that economy   should be managed for the exclusive benefit of the people, due to bitter lessons   of experience, namely:

– The profit motive is no justification for any kind   of economic activity. Since the “law of the market” has again and again   proved to be powerless to regulate the economy, such regulation should be in the   responsibility of states and governments acting jointly;

– Regulation should not result in arbitrarily   stifling individual initiative.

18. All property, tangible and intangible, that is   not privately owned in accordance with the Law should be deemed to be public   property under public management. Furthermore, expropriation based on the   power of eminent domain should be available in accordance with the Law.

19. All services of general interest, including   economic services, that demand equal access, permanent availability and   adaptability to changing public needs, as well as any monopoly, should be   deemed to be in the nature of public services, whether managed by governments   or by private firms. Every people, acting through its state, is entitled to   decide in which way such services should be rendered and whether the power of   expropriation should be used in any given case.

20. Development must be sustainable, in the sense   that it must meet present needs without compromising the ability to satisfy   future needs.

21. Each people should respect other peoples’   property and resources and world environment and, within its means,   contribute to their welfare.

VI – Procedures relating to this Covenant

A. Adoption of the Covenant

22. This covenant is opened for participation by all   peoples. This article recognizes any human community as a people, which is   recognized by at least two states members of the United Nations.

23. The preliminary draft of this Covenant shall be   open for a worldwide debate without any limitation as to participation. To   this end, a multilingual Internet website shall be established.

24. This worldwide debate shall begin on the date   appointed by the absolute majority of the Project Initiators having cast   votes. It will continue until the sponsors will find, also by an absolute   majority of votes cast, that acceptance has reached a certain level to justify   further steps.

25. Any person by the age of 18 may at any time until the end of the debate declare   him or herself project sponsor towards the present Project Initiators.

26. While the debate continues, the sponsors shall   be entitled to adopt by a majority of votes cast such regulations as they   deem necessary.

27. After closing the debate, the sponsors shall   propose a procedure to secure the consent of the peoples regarding the   preliminary draft. The absolute majority of the sponsors must adopt the said   procedure.

B. Entry into force of the Covenant

28. After the consent of at least two people have   been collected in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 27   above, the Covenant will be deemed to be in force between the said two   peoples.

29. Subsequently, the Covenant shall enter into   force for any people newly consenting on the date on which consent has been   obtained in accordance with article 26 above.

C. Implementation of the Covenant by States and   governments

30. States and governments whose peoples have   adopted this Covenant shall ensure that the Covenant or at least the principles   set forth under I to IV are made a part of their national   laws and international agreements.

 

Introduction

We, ambulance the Peoples of the World, buy information pills

Determined to make full use of the democratic principle under which sovereignty derives from the peoples, story

Referring to the United Nations Charter, the paramount international legal instrument, adopted in San Francisco, United States of America, on 25 June 1945, which has since been accepted by almost all states,

Noting that the ideals and goals enshrined in the Charter are far from having been achieved,

Noting in particular :
- That mankind has not yet been saved from the scourge of war, and that it has not been possible for States to maintain consistent peace and security, nor to adopt all the principles and to institute all methods required to ensure that armed force shall not be used save in the common interest ;
- That the dignity and worth of the human person and the principle of equality of rights as between men and women and nations large and small are still being violated ;
- That there conditions under which justice and respect for obligations arising from international law have yet to be fully established ;
- That much remains to be done to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, and that there subsist stark inequalities between individuals and between nations, which are only made worse by the prevailing economic laissez-faire ;
- That the environment is steadily deteriorating and losing in biodiversity ;

Convinced that under the basic democratic principle stated above every people should be able to guide the action of their state and their government,

We adopt the following provisions and principles contained therein as constitutive of the “General Peoples’ Covenant for Better World Governance”, in the firm and sovereign  intention that all states and governments should comply therewith in all respects and at all times.

We understand that this Covenant, once adopted under the specific procedures herein set forth, shall be given binding force at the highest international and national levels, and that all appropriate measures necessary to that effect shall be promptly implanted by all public authorities concerned.

I – Sovereignty

I – Sovereignty

1. Sovereignty derives from the people, more about and the peoples can exercise it directly or through their representatives in accordance with their respective constitutions and international law.

2. No people can be forced to renounce its sovereignty.

3. Each State, visit as the institutional embodiment of the people, look is deemed to be sovereign in relation to other states. State sovereignty shall be exercised in conformity with international law and international agreements ratified in accordance with the constitution.

4. Sovereignty extends, in particular, to those aspects related to the social, cultural and economic identity of each nation.

II – Essential values

II – Essential values

5. We endorse the six following fundamental values deemed to be essential to international relations in the twenty-first century, viagra proclaimed on 8 September 2000 by the United Nations General Assembly in the United Nations Millennium Declaration. Those values are : freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature, shared responsibility.

V – The economy and money

V – The economy and money

14. The inter­na­tional com­munity, symptoms as well as states and govern­ments, must assume that the economy and money are exclu­sively to serve society?–?not the contrary.

15. We are aware that a number of eco­nomic agents, mostly those in charge of handling money and monetary ins­tru­ments, ruth­lessly exploit their de facto power and the alleged “law of the market” to obtain benefits out of pro­portion with the ser­vices ren­dered, and unduly influence government operations.

16. We affirm that the economy should be managed for the exclusive benefit of the people, due regard having had to the lessons of expe­rience, namely :

– The profit motive is no blanket jus­ti­fi­cation for any kind of eco­nomic activity. Since the “law of the market” has again and again been proved powerless to regulate the economy ; such regu­lation should be the res­pon­si­bility of states and govern­ments acting jointly ;

– Regulation should not result in arbitrarily stifling individual initiative.

17. All pro­perty, tan­gible and intan­gible, that is not pri­vately owned in accor­dance with the Law should be deemed to be public pro­perty under public mana­gement. Fur­thermore, expro­priation based on the power of eminent domain should be avai­lable in accor­dance with the Law.

18. All ser­vices of general interest, including eco­nomic ser­vices, that demand equal access, per­manent avai­la­bility and adap­ta­bility to changing public needs, as well as any monopoly, should be deemed to be in the nature of public ser­vices, whether managed by govern­ments or by private concerns. Every people, acting through its state, is entitled to decide in which way such ser­vices should be ren­dered and whether the power of expro­priation should be used in any given case.

19. Deve­lopment must be sus­tai­nable, in the sense that it must meet present needs without com­pro­mising the ability to satisfy future needs.

20. Each people should respect other peoples’ pro­perty and resources and world envi­ronment and, within its means, contribute to their welfare.

VI – Procedures relating to this Covenant

VI – Procedures relating to this Covenant

A. Adoption of the Covenant

22. This covenant is opened for par­ti­ci­pation by all peoples. Within the meaning of this article, ed any human com­munity reco­gnized as a state or a would-be State by at least two states members of the United Nations shall qualify as a people.

23. The pre­li­minary draft of this Covenant shall be open for a world debate without any limi­tation as to par­ti­ci­pation. To this end, pharm a mul­ti­lingual Internet website shall be established.

24. That world debate shall begin on the date appointed by the absolute majority of the Project Ini­tiators having cast votes. It will continue until the sponsors find, also by an absolute majority of votes cast, that accep­tance has reached such a level as to justify further steps.

25. Any person from age 18 may at any time until the close of the debate included the project sponsor to declare by serving the decision to existing Project Initiators.

26. While the debate continues, the sponsors shall be entitled to adopt by a majority of votes cast such regu­la­tions as they deem necessary.

27. After closing the debate, the sponsors shall propose a pro­cedure to secure the consent of the peoples regarding the pre­li­minary draft. The said pro­cedure shall adopted by the absolute majority of the sponsors.

B. Entry into force of the Covenant

28. After the consent of at least two people have been col­lected in accor­dance with the pro­cedure referred to in Article 27 above, the Covenant will be deemed to be in force between the said two peoples.

29. Sub­se­quently, the Covenant shall enter into force fin respect of any people newly consenting on the date on which consent has been obtained in accor­dance with article 27 above.

C. Implementation of the Covenant by States and governments

30. States and govern­ments whose peoples have adopted this Covenant shall ensure that the prin­ciples set forth herein are made a part of their national laws and inter­na­tional agreements.

Thinking differently

You can not solve problems by thinking on the same way by which they are incurred.  (Albert Einstein)

More that a culture realizes that their current worldview is a fiction, price the higher their academic level.””

Many of our problems arise from the fact that our ability to perceive and understand the world, does not fully exploit. We combine perceptions and information on habitual thought patterns and are often faced with the same limitations.

But our ability to think extends far beyond this intellectual processing of information. It enables us to be awake, alert and agile. New findings emerge just when we our thinking habits, attitudes and values ??in question, if we allow ourselves to not knowing for a moment.

In philosophical discussion, we can be problems to phenomena. We are losing the security of our customary beliefs and learn more clearly, to think precisely and creatively.

When we understand how we organize our thinking about the world, we can change them, by their free and lively encounter.
Albert Einstein