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|We, seek the Peoples of the World, salve
Determined to make full use of the democratic principle that sovereignty derives from the peoples, cheap
Referring to the United Nations Charter, the paramount international legal instrument, adopted in San Francisco, United States of America, on June 25th, 1945, which has since been accepted by almost all states,
Noting that the ideas and goals enshrined in the Charter are far from having been achieved,
Noting in particular :
– That mankind has not yet been saved from the scourge of war,
– That the States haven’t been able to maintain consistent peace and international security,
– That the dignity and worth of human beings and the principle of equal rights of men and women and of large and small nations are still being violated,
– That the conditions to guarantee justice and respect for obligations arising from international law have not yet be fully established,
– That the speed in promoting social progress and better standards of life in freedom should be accelerated, and that inequalities between individuals and between nations are becoming worse by the prevailing economic laissez-faire,
– That the environmental situation is steadily deteriorating and that we are losing biodiversity,
Convinced that basic democratic principles mentioned above give every people the possibility to guide the action of their state and their government,
We adopt following provisions and principles in form of the “General Peoples’ Covenant for Better World Governance”, in the firm and sovereign intention that all states and governments should comply therewith in all respects and at all times.
We expect that this Covenant, once adopted under the specific procedures herein set forth, shall be given binding force at the highest international and national levels, and that all appropriate necessary measures shall be promptly implanted by all public authorities concerned.
I – Sovereignty
1. Sovereignty derives from the people, and the peoples can exercise it directly or through their representatives in accordance with their respective constitutions and international law.
2. No people can be forced to renounce its sovereignty.
3. Each State, as the institutional embodiment of its people, is deemed to be sovereign in relation to other states. State sovereignty shall be exercised in conformity with international law and international agreements ratified in accordance with the constitution.
4. Sovereignty extends, in particular, to those aspects related to the social, cultural and economic identity of each nation.
II – Essential values
5. We endorse the six following fundamental values deemed to be essential to international relations in the twenty-first century, proclaimed on 8 September 2000 by the United Nations General Assembly in the United Nations Millennium Declaration. Those values are: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect to nature and shared responsibility.
III – Peace, the essential common good of each peuple
III – Peace, pills the essential common good
6. Peace is one of our essential goals. It is the main duty of our states and governments to maintaion and to protect this common good.
7. We hereby remind our states and governments that they are bound to resolve disputes in accordance with international law, sick in particular Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, which prohibits the use of armed force except in the case of self-defense, individual or collective, when confronted with an armed attack, or in order to implement the decisions of the Security Council aiming to restore international peace and security.
8. The illegitimate use of armed force shall be treated as a violation of national and international law.
9. We urge our states and governments to negotiate in good faith in order to achieve controlled disarmament, starting with nuclear arms and other weapons of mass destruction.
10. We note in this connection that the United Nations Security Council, as currently comprised, is not really representative of the community of peoples.
11. Accordingly, we ask that any Council decision ordering or authorizing the use of force be immediately submitted for approval to the UN General Assembly.
12. Generally, we request all states and governments to consider the means of reforming the United Nations Charter so that all intergovernmental bodies of the Organization, including the Security Council and the Council of Human Rights?–?become effectively representative of the community of nations.